KAJIAN ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM MENGENAI FAKTOR RISIKO YANG BERPENGARUH DALAM PEMENUHAN KESEJAHTERAAN ANAK PEMULUNG

Sisyanti ., Isbandi Rukiminto Adi

Abstract


This article discusses the factors that influence the fulfillment welfare of child scavengers. Using the ecological system theory this article illustrates how risk factors are located at different ecosystem levels that can have a direct and indirect impact on child scavengers. This research uses qualitative research method with descriptive research type. The data were collected by observation and in-depth interviews on teachers, parents and scavengers. The results of the study stated that there are influential factors that are included in the risk factors faced by children at each level of the system. In micro-systems there are risk factors derived from the influence of parents, school teaching and peer groups. At the level of meso-system can be derived from the relationship between parents and teachers, at the exo-system level there are factors that affect the child that is from the social and economic conditions of the family, living conditions and the lack of social support for parents. At the macro-system level can be how the mindset and lifestyle that exist in the scavengers community environment can affect the development of scavengers. Recognizing the existing risk factors at every level of life of child scavengers can be applied in the development of more effective intervention strategies for the fulfillment welfare of child scavengers.

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