Penyandang Disabilitas Di Indonesia: Perkembangan Istilah Dan Definisi

Dini Widinarsih

Abstract

ABSTRAK

Riset menunjukkan keterkaitan erat antara pemahaman publik tentang disabilitas dan penyandang disabilitas dengan perilaku diskriminatif yang mereka alami dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Pemahaman masyarakat di dunia, termasuk Indonesia, tentang penyandang disabilitas masih cenderung negatif. Pemahaman negatif itu karena masyarakat umumnya mendefinisikan dan memperlakukan penyandang disabilitas berdasarkan pada pola pikir yang didominasi oleh konsep kenormalan yang berimplikasi pada stigmatisasi dan diskriminasi terhadap para penyandang disabilitas. Hal itu, termasuk di Indonesia terutama disebabkan masih terbatasnya diseminasi informasi dan edukasi resmi dari pemerintahan atau otoritas terkait serta hasil kajian ilmiah tentang disabilitas dan penyandang disabilitas. Artikel ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan kajian literatur terkait pemahaman tentang disabilitas dan penyandang disabilitas. Diharapkan kajian ini dapat berkontribusi mengatasi kesenjangan informasi dan edukasi tentang disabilitas dan penyandang disabilitas, serta memberi pemahaman yang tepat dan perilaku yang lebih baik serta menghargai hak asasi para penyandang disabilitas di Indonesia. Dengan demikian termasuk berkontribusi pula pada  perlindungan dan kesejahteraan sosial mereka.

 

KATA KUNCI: disabilitas, penyandang disabilitas, stigma, diskriminasi,


ABSTRACT

Research reveal that public understanding of disability and persons with disabilities closely related with disciminative behaviour that they experience in their everyday lives. Understanding of society around the world, including Indonesian, mostly are negative disability awareness. This negative awareness due to public tend to define, or understand, and treat person with disability nowadays mostly with perspectives dominated by normality’s concept, that implicated to stigmatisation and discrimination towards persons with disabilities. This happened in the world, including Indonesia, caused by lack of dissemination of information and education officially from government or authorithies, and also from scientific research. This article aims to describe the review of the literature about understandings of disability and persons with disabilites. It is expected that this article would contribute to overcome a lack of information and education about disabilities and persons with disabilities, and provide appropriate understanding and behaviour that respecting the rights of Indonesian people with disabilities. Accordingly, this contribute  protection and social welfare for them will realize closer.  

 

KEY WORDS: disability, person/people with disability,  discrimination,


 

 

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References

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