KINERJA PUBLIC VOLUNTARY REGULATION (PVR) DI INDONESIA: KAJIAN PROGRAM PENILAIAN PERINGKAT KINERJA PERUSAHAAN DALAM LINGKUNGAN HIDUP (PROPER)

Bahruddin Bahruddin

Abstract

The Indonesian government has been implementing the Industrial Environmental Rating Program (PROPER) since 1995. PROPER demonstrates the new regulatory approach called Public Voluntary Regulation (PVR), which combines the government authority and market power. PROPER aims to improve the companies’ commitment to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Based on process tracing data PROPER in the last decade (2010-2019) and interview with regulators, this article argues PVR can be the potential regulatory approach to improve companies’ commitment to environment and social, particularly community development. The findings contribute to the debate on the regulatory approach of CSR in a developing country which mostly still focus on traditional approaches both mandatory and voluntary.


Program Penilaian Peringkat Kinerja Perusahaan dalam Lingkungan Hidup (PROPER) telah dilaksanakan Pemerintah Indonesia sejak tahun 1995. Dalam konteks regulasi, PROPER mencerminkan pendekatan yang dikenal dengan Public Voluntary Regulation (PVR). Pendekatan ini mengombinasikan antara kewenangan atau otoritas negara (mandatory) dan kekuatan pasar. PROPER bertujuan untuk meningkatkan komitmen perusahaan terhadap Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Berdasarkan analisis process tracing data sekunder PROPER dalam satu dekade terakhir (2010-2019) dan wawancara regulator, artikel ini menyimpulkan bahwa PVR dapat menjadi pilihan alternatif regulasi untuk meningkatkan komitmen CSR di Indonesia. Kesimpulan artikel ini diharapkan berkontribusi untuk tata regulasi CSR di luar pilihan dikotomi antara mandatory dan voluntary.

 



  

Keywords

PROPER; Public Voluntary Regulation; Corporate Social Responsibility

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